|Agrupamento (Clustering)||Clustering is the grouping of similar objects. (Hartigan 1975, 1)|
|Classificação (Classification)||[A] classifier or a classification rule is a systematic way of predicting what class a case is in. (Breiman et al. 1984, 3)|
|Regressão (Regression)||Regression analysis is a conceptually simple method for investigating functional relationships among variables. (Chatterjee and Hadi 2012, 1)|
|Séries temporais (Time series)||Anything that is observed sequentially over time is a time series. (R. J. Hyndman and Athanasopoulos 2021)|
Breiman, Leo, Jerome Friedman, Charles J Stone, and Richard A Olshen. 1984. Classification and Regression Trees. CRC press.
Chatterjee, Samprit, and Ali S Hadi. 2012. Regression Analysis by Example. John Wiley & Sons.
Hartigan, John A. 1975. Clustering Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Hyndman, Rob J, and George Athanasopoulos. 2021. Forecasting: Principles and Practice, 3rd Ed. OTexts. https://otexts.com/fpp3/.